Retrospective 551 moderate to severe COVID-19 patients in Mexico showing vitamin D ≤12ng/mL independently associated with COVID-19 mortality. No association was found between vitamin D levels and the need for intubation. Vitamin D deficiency was more prevalent in women and patients with type 2 diabetes.
Vanegas-Cedillo et al., 3/14/2021, retrospective, Mexico, North America, preprint, 15 authors.
risk of death, 52.6% lower, RR 0.47, p = 0.006, high D levels 95 of 494 (19.2%), low D levels 21 of 57 (36.8%), adjusted per study, >12ng/mL.
Effect extraction follows pre-specified rules
prioritizing more serious outcomes. For an individual study the most serious
outcome may have a smaller number of events and lower statistical signficance,
however this provides the strongest evidence for the most serious outcomes
when combining the results of many trials.