COVID-19 studies:  C19 studies: C19:  IvermectinIVM Vitamin DV.D HC QHC Q Vitamin CV.C ZincZn PXPX BHBH FPVFPV FLVFLV PVP-IPI CICI BLBL RDRD
Vitamin D study #88 of 89
4/2 Analysis of outcomes based on serum levels
Livingston et al., Int. J. Clinical Practive, doi:10.1111/ijcp.14166 (Peer Reviewed)
Detectable respiratory SARS‐CoV‐2 RNA is associated with low vitamin D levels and high social deprivation
Source   PDF   Share   Tweet
Retrospective 104 consecutive patients tested for COVID-19 in a hospital in the UK, showing lower vitamin D and higher social deprivation associated with COVID-19 positive results.

Livingston et al., 4/2/2021, retrospective, United Kingdom, Europe, peer-reviewed, 7 authors.
risk of COVID-19 case, 50.9% lower, RR 0.49, p < 0.001, high D levels 16 of 52 (30.8%), low D levels 31 of 52 (59.6%), odds ratio converted to relative risk, >34.4nmol/L.

Effect extraction follows pre-specified rules prioritizing more serious outcomes. For an individual study the most serious outcome may have a smaller number of events and lower statistical signficance, however this provides the strongest evidence for the most serious outcomes when combining the results of many trials.
Details of all 89 studies
Please send us corrections, updates, or comments. Vaccines and treatments are both extremely valuable and complementary. We do not provide medical advice. Before taking any medication, consult a qualified physician who can provide personalized advice and details of risks and benefits based on your medical history and situation.
Submit