80% lower mortality with cholecalciferol booster therapy. Retrospective 986 hospitalized patients in the UK finding that cholecalciferol booster therapy, regardless of baseline serum levels, was associated with a reduced risk of mortality in acute COVID-19 inpatients.
Primary cohort of 444 patients, adjusted mortality odds ratio aOR 0.13, p
Validation cohort of 541 patients, adjusted mortality odds ratio aOR 0.38, p
Ling et al., 12/11/2020, retrospective, United Kingdom, Europe, peer-reviewed, 7 authors, dosage 40,000IU weekly, regimen varied with 77% receiving a total of 40,000IU/week.
risk of death, 79.8% lower, RR 0.20, p < 0.001, treatment 73, control 253, odds ratio converted to relative risk, primary cohort.
risk of death, 55.5% lower, RR 0.44, p = 0.02, treatment 80, control 443, odds ratio converted to relative risk, validation cohort.
Effect extraction follows pre-specified rules
prioritizing more serious outcomes. For an individual study the most serious
outcome may have a smaller number of events and lower statistical signficance,
however this provides the strongest evidence for the most serious outcomes
when combining the results of many trials.