COVID-19 studies:  C19 studies: C19:  IvermectinIVM Vitamin DV.D HC QHC Q Vitamin CV.C ZincZn PXPX BHBH FPVFPV FLVFLV PVP-IPI CICI BLBL RDRD
Vitamin D study #85 of 89
3/27 Analysis of outcomes based on serum levels
Freitas et al., medRxiv, doi:10.1101/2021.03.22.21254032 (Preprint)
Vitamin D-related polymorphisms and vitamin D levels as risk biomarkers of COVID-19 infection severity
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Analysis of 491 hospitalized patients in Portugal showing that polymorphisms in the vitamin D binding protein encoded by the GC gene are related to COVID-19 severity (p = 0.005). There was an association between vitamin D polygenic risk score and vitamin D levels (p = 0.042), and between vitamin D levels and mortality (p = 1.5e-4). Authors conclude that a genetic susceptibility for vitamin D deficiency may explain higher severity in COVID-19.

Freitas et al., 3/27/2021, retrospective, Portugal, Europe, preprint, 36 authors.
risk of death, 41.2% lower, RR 0.59, p = 0.02, high D levels 23 of 179 (12.8%), low D levels 68 of 311 (21.9%), >20ng/mL.

Effect extraction follows pre-specified rules prioritizing more serious outcomes. For an individual study the most serious outcome may have a smaller number of events and lower statistical signficance, however this provides the strongest evidence for the most serious outcomes when combining the results of many trials.
Details of all 89 studies
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