et al., European Journal of Nutrition, doi:10.1007/s00394-020-02411-0 (Peer Reviewed)
Retrospective 73 hospitalized patients showing the probability of death in patients with vitamin D deficiency (< 25ng/mL) was 34.6% compared with 6.4% in patients with sufficient vitamin D levels.
Abrishami et al., 10/30/2020, retrospective, Iran, Middle East, peer-reviewed, mean age 55.2, 7 authors.
risk of death, 75.9% lower, RR 0.24, p = 0.04, high D levels 3 of 47 (6.4%), low D levels 9 of 26 (34.6%), adjusted per study, >25ng/mL.
Effect extraction follows pre-specified rules
prioritizing more serious outcomes. For an individual study the most serious
outcome may have a smaller number of events and lower statistical signficance,
however this provides the strongest evidence for the most serious outcomes
when combining the results of many trials.